Read the material without taking notes. When you find something useful, write down in your own words what you think the author is saying -- without looking at the source. Then compare your notes to the material. If you have used some of the exact words from the text, put quotes around them. This approach also helps you rely more on paraphrasing or summarizing and keeps you from using too many direct quotations.
What is a quotation?
A quotation is an exact reproduction of spoken or written words. Quotes can provide strong evidence, act as an authoritative voice, or support a writer's statements.
When to quote
What is paraphrasing?
Paraphrasing is a way of presenting information, keeping the same meaning, but using different words and phrasing.
A paraphrase may result in a longer, rather than shorter, version of the original text. It offers an alternative to using direct quotations and helps you integrate evidence and source material into assignments.
When to paraphrase
Paraphrase short sections of work only; a sentence or two or a short paragraph.
As an alternative to a direct quotation.
What is a summary?
A summary is an overview of a text. The main idea is given, but details, examples and formalities are left out. Used with longer texts, the main aim of summarizing is to reduce or condense a text to its most important ideas. When to summarize
When to summarize long sections of work, like a long paragraph, page or chapter